## Problem:

In the 20[×]20 grid below, four numbers along a diagonal line have been marked in red.

08 02 22 97 38 15 00 40 00 75 04 05 07 78 52 12 50 77 91 08
49 49 99 40 17 81 18 57 60 87 17 40 98 43 69 48 04 56 62 00
81 49 31 73 55 79 14 29 93 71 40 67 53 88 30 03 49 13 36 65
52 70 95 23 04 60 11 42 69 24 68 56 01 32 56 71 37 02 36 91
22 31 16 71 51 67 63 89 41 92 36 54 22 40 40 28 66 33 13 80
24 47 32 60 99 03 45 02 44 75 33 53 78 36 84 20 35 17 12 50
32 98 81 28 64 23 67 10 26 38 40 67 59 54 70 66 18 38 64 70
67 26 20 68 02 62 12 20 95 63 94 39 63 08 40 91 66 49 94 21
24 55 58 05 66 73 99 26 97 17 78 78 96 83 14 88 34 89 63 72
21 36 23 09 75 00 76 44 20 45 35 14 00 61 33 97 34 31 33 95
78 17 53 28 22 75 31 67 15 94 03 80 04 62 16 14 09 53 56 92
16 39 05 42 96 35 31 47 55 58 88 24 00 17 54 24 36 29 85 57
86 56 00 48 35 71 89 07 05 44 44 37 44 60 21 58 51 54 17 58
19 80 81 68 05 94 47 69 28 73 92 13 86 52 17 77 04 89 55 40
04 52 08 83 97 35 99 16 07 97 57 32 16 26 26 79 33 27 98 66
88 36 68 87 57 62 20 72 03 46 33 67 46 55 12 32 63 93 53 69
04 42 16 73 38 25 39 11 24 94 72 18 08 46 29 32 40 62 76 36
20 69 36 41 72 30 23 88 34 62 99 69 82 67 59 85 74 04 36 16
20 73 35 29 78 31 90 01 74 31 49 71 48 86 81 16 23 57 05 54
01 70 54 71 83 51 54 69 16 92 33 48 61 43 52 01 89 19 67 48

The product of these numbers is 26 [×] 63 [×] 78 [×] 14 = 1788696.

What is the greatest product of four adjacent numbers in the same direction (up, down, left, right, or diagonally) in the 20[×]20 grid?

70600674

## Code:The solution may include methods that will be found here: Library.java .

public interface EulerSolution{

public String run();

}
/*
* Solution to Project Euler problem 11
* By Nayuki Minase
*
* http://nayuki.eigenstate.org/page/project-euler-solutions
* https://github.com/nayuki/Project-Euler-solutions
*/

public final class p011 implements EulerSolution {

public static void main(String[] args) {
System.out.println(new p011().run());
}

public String run() {
int max = -1;
max = Math.max(maxProduct(1, 0), max);
max = Math.max(maxProduct(0, 1), max);
max = Math.max(maxProduct(1, 1), max);
max = Math.max(maxProduct(1, -1), max);
return Integer.toString(max);
}

private static int maxProduct(int dx, int dy) {
int max = -1;
for (int y = 0; y < SQUARE.length; y++) {
for (int x = 0; x < SQUARE[y].length; x++)
max = Math.max(product(x, y, dx, dy, 4), max);
}
return max;
}

private static int product(int x, int y, int dx, int dy, int n) {
// First endpoint is assumed to be in bounds. Check if second endpoint is in bounds.
if (!isInBounds(x + (n - 1) * dx, y + (n - 1) * dy))
return -1;

int prod = 1;
for (int i = 0; i < n; i++, x += dx, y += dy)
prod *= SQUARE[y][x];
return prod;
}

private static boolean isInBounds(int x, int y) {
return 0 <= y && y < SQUARE.length && 0 <= x && x < SQUARE[y].length;
}

private static int[][] SQUARE = {
{ 8,02,22,97,38,15,00,40,00,75,04,05,07,78,52,12,50,77,91, 8},
{49,49,99,40,17,81,18,57,60,87,17,40,98,43,69,48,04,56,62,00},
{81,49,31,73,55,79,14,29,93,71,40,67,53,88,30,03,49,13,36,65},
{52,70,95,23,04,60,11,42,69,24,68,56,01,32,56,71,37,02,36,91},
{22,31,16,71,51,67,63,89,41,92,36,54,22,40,40,28,66,33,13,80},
{24,47,32,60,99,03,45,02,44,75,33,53,78,36,84,20,35,17,12,50},
{32,98,81,28,64,23,67,10,26,38,40,67,59,54,70,66,18,38,64,70},
{67,26,20,68,02,62,12,20,95,63,94,39,63, 8,40,91,66,49,94,21},
{24,55,58,05,66,73,99,26,97,17,78,78,96,83,14,88,34,89,63,72},
{21,36,23, 9,75,00,76,44,20,45,35,14,00,61,33,97,34,31,33,95},
{78,17,53,28,22,75,31,67,15,94,03,80,04,62,16,14, 9,53,56,92},
{16,39,05,42,96,35,31,47,55,58,88,24,00,17,54,24,36,29,85,57},
{86,56,00,48,35,71,89,07,05,44,44,37,44,60,21,58,51,54,17,58},
{19,80,81,68,05,94,47,69,28,73,92,13,86,52,17,77,04,89,55,40},
{04,52, 8,83,97,35,99,16,07,97,57,32,16,26,26,79,33,27,98,66},
{88,36,68,87,57,62,20,72,03,46,33,67,46,55,12,32,63,93,53,69},
{04,42,16,73,38,25,39,11,24,94,72,18, 8,46,29,32,40,62,76,36},
{20,69,36,41,72,30,23,88,34,62,99,69,82,67,59,85,74,04,36,16},
{20,73,35,29,78,31,90,01,74,31,49,71,48,86,81,16,23,57,05,54},
{01,70,54,71,83,51,54,69,16,92,33,48,61,43,52,01,89,19,67,48}
};

}